Indonesia as A Global Maritime Fulcrum

Luthfil Hadi - Jakarta, 29/08/2018, 14:26


With 17,504 islands and 108.000 kilometres of coast line, Indonesia is considered to be the largest archipelagic country. Two-third of Indonesia’s territory consist of seawater that stores an abundant of marine resources, oil and gas, as well as marine biodiversity.

The President of Indonesia, President Joko Widodo, recognize this wealth of marine resources and Indonesia’s strategic geographic location. He intends to bring back the glory of Indonesia’s maritime through the strategic program of NAWACITA in order to make Indonesia a global maritime fulcrum.

To unify the archipelago, building a good and strong maritime connectivity infrastructure has become the top priority of the government of Indonesia, a country that has always grown with a strong maritime tradition. Indonesia aims to reduce the price disparity between the western and eastern part of the country by establishing a strong subsidized freight line called the sea toll.

Indonesia is always developing its maritime infrastructure and resources to support the maritime connectivity. Indonesia currently has 2,132 ports and terminals that’s been managed by 287 port administration. 141 ports open to international trade, 14,181 registered vessels with a total number of 20,825,038 gross tons. 500,000 seafarers serving both international and domestic shipping companies on regular basis, 5 coastguard bases, and 250 shipyards to build all kinds of ship products within the country.

Indonesia has improves its port service standard by launching INAPORTNET, a single internet web-based service system that integrates a standard port information system. The system is used for serving vessels and goods from all relevant agencies or stakeholders at the port. This is done in order to support and compliment the development of infrastructure and connectivity. The INAPORT net application is currently integrated with the Indonesian National Single Window (INSW) system and is supported by a reliable and integrated support system.

With the success of bringin large container vessels of 8,500 to 10,000 to Tanjung Priok Port, Indonesia has demonstrates its maritime independence. The large container vessels have the direct shipping route from Jakarta to Los Angeles, America. The presence of these large vessels indicates that Tanjung Priok port has now been able to serve vessels with large capacity, thereby making Indonesia’s logistics efficiency even better. It leads to the Ministry of Transportation of Republic of Indonesia supports Tanjung Priok port to become one of major transhipment port in Asia.

In accordance with the provisions of United Nation’s convention on the law of the sea unclose 1982, Indonesia as an archipelagic country is designating 3 lines of alkie, Indonesian archipelagic sea lanes, which serves as a continuous and expeditious passage of foreign shipping through its waters. Therefore it is necessary to improve the maritime safety through navigational technology upgrades and improvements. Indonesia currently has 22 Vessel Traffic Service (VTS) stations of both port and coastal spreading throughout the country.

In 2012, Indonesia has also enacted the Non-Convention Vessel Standard (NCVS) for Indonesian flag vessels under 500 gross tons. Indonesia had officially started to provide pilotage services in voluntary pilotage service waters in the straits of Malacca and Singapore which have an important role in international trade and shipping since 2017 to ensure the safety and security for vessels sailing in the region. Indonesia has also endorse and enforce the provisions regulated by the 1972 safety of life at sea or solace chapter 6 article 2 on Verified Gross Mass of container (VGM) by issuing regulation of the Director General of Sea Transportation.

Guided by ISPS code, Indonesia has also committed to maintain and improve maritime security and safety. A decision that’s been taken to develop the infrastructures and connectivity. In August 2013, Indonesia has successfully built and joined the international network of long-range identification of ships. A National Data Center (NDC) has been established by Indonesia to meet the maritime information sharing initiatives, and has improves it by changing the recognized Application Service Provider (ASP) in order to facilitate the sharing information through International Data Exchange (IDE).

Indonesia has Indonesian Sea and Coast Guard to safeguard its marine and coastal area. Their tasks and responsibilities are in the field of patrol and security, law enforcement and advocacy, shipping codes of conduct, disaster handling and underwater work, as well as facility and infrastructure to ensure the safety and security of shipping in Indonesian waters. To carry out monitoring inspection and law enforcement in the field of safety and security of shipping, and protection of the maritime environment, foreign vessels operating in the territorial waters of Indonesia in particular and in the Asia-Pacific region in general.

Organized under The Tokyo Memorandum of Understanding, Indonesia also plays an active role as a permanent member of ports state control in the Asia-Pacific region. By designating Gili Island and Nusa Penida as a Particularly Sensitive Sea Area (PSSA) by submission to the 71st IMO MEP sea assembly in July 2017 in London, Indonesia has really shown its commitment on marine environmental protection. Indonesia hopes that the proposal can be approved by IMO to minimize the negative impact of international shipping in The Lombok Staits for Nusa Penida and Gili Island, and preserve the area.

By upgrading the curriculum and facilities of maritime training centers across the nation, Indonesia has shown its strong commitment in strengthening the capacity of more than 500,000 seafarers. On October 6th 2016, Indonesia has ratified the maritime labour convention of 2006 through the law number 16 of 2016 in order to provide a better protection welfare and prosperity for Indonesian seafarers at sea. Indonesia strongly believes that this new law on the maritime labour convention is Indonesia’s major contribution to one of IMO’s main duties to protect seafarers at sea.

Since 1961, Indonesia has been a member of IMO and constantly contributes to the program and activities in IMO international cooperation in maritime safety, security, and marine environmental protection. Indonesia is committed to continue its contribution in the service of the international maritime community and in the realization of IMO’s main purposes, goals, and objectives to safe, secure, and efficient environmentally sound shipping.

We would highly appreciate the support of the member states of the IMO for the candidature of Indonesia for Re-Election as a member of IMO council under category “C” for the period of 2018 to 2019.

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