Indonesia Held Archipelagic and Island States Meeting in Jakarta

Luthfil Hadi - Jakarta, 14/09/2018, 10:51


Reported from, Senior Official Meeting (SOM) of Archipelagic and Island States held in Jakarta on September 6th to September 8th 2018 was the second time. The first meeting was held on November 21st and November 22nd 2017.

The first and second SOM AIS was the realization of Indonesian commitment to address the climate change’s impact. As all we already know, climate change has a very big impact to archipelagic and island states. Global warming caused by climate change steadily increase the sea level which cause rob flood happens to those archipelagic and island states.

One of the impact of the global warming is sunken village. There are 2 villages in Demak that already sunk because the sea level rises. Furthermore, in 2009 Indonesian Department of Sea and Fishery and United Nation found that 2000 Indonesian small islands will have been submerged by 2030. This encourage Indonesian government to take immediate action concerning climate changes.

Therefore, Indonesian government initiate the forum for senior official meeting of archipelagic and island states to address the issue of climate changes. On the first SOM AIS in 2017, the forum discussed about the real problems faced by the participating countries and what solution to those problems. On the first SOM AIS, the delegation of participating countries also visited some of Indonesian institution such as BMKG, Pushidros-AL, and LIPI.

Indonesian government once again held the SOM AIS in Jakarta on September 6th to September 8th 2018. The second SOM AIS is the continuation of the first one, to address more issues regarding sea problem for archipelagic and island states. This event was attended by the delegation of 46 archipelagic and island states from Asia and Africa Region. Some of them are Singapore, New Zealand, United Kingdom, Saint Kitts and Navis, Mauritius, and Palau. United Nation Development Program, which was invited, sent their delegation to come. The delegated person was Christophe Bahuet, Country Director of UNDP. The second SOM AIS is the collaboration product between the Coordinating Ministry of Maritime Affair and UNDP.

The event was opened by Luhut Binsar Pandjaitan, the Coordinating Minister of Maritime Affair of Indonesia on September 6th 2018. Luhut said that all of the participating countries are the most vulnerable countries affected by climate changes, so we should collaborate to address the issue of the impactful climate changes. Climate changes affecting the sea level to rises, acidity of sea water, damage to coral and reef, and the disaster happened on the sea.

On this second SOM AIS forum, the participant hold discussion about the problem of plastic wastes that polluting the sea. The participating countries is expected to collaborate to tackle the issues of plastic wastes of their region to reduce the pollution of the sea and prevent more destruction on world sea ecosystem.

Not stopping on that problem, the forum also discuss how to adapt to the climate changes. The purpose is so that the participating could survive from the impact of climate changes and help to reduce the effect of climate changes.

Disasters management methods also became the focus of the discussion. With the climate changes affecting global condition, disaster such as rob floods, bad weather, drought occurred more often. The participating countries is expected to find the solution for the problem the might face in the future from the discussion forum held on second SOM AIS.

Center for sea movement and action of UNDP estimated the value of global marine industries and coastal resources amount to USD 3 Trillion to USD 6 Trillion. Therefore, the second SOM AIS forums also discussed about the strategy and plans to develop blue economy, a maritime based economy. They also discussed on sustainable fishing methods that does not damage the sea ecosystem and how to increase their economic growth.

With the total value of marine industries and resources amount to USD 6 Trillion, the impact of climate changes and global warming on maritime sector will cause a giant social and economic disaster. The collaboration of every participating countries of SOM AIS is needed to prevent further impact of global warming and climate changes.

Indonesian government wants to propose innovative and smart ways to tackle the issues. Deputy for Maritime Coordination of Maritime Affairs under the Ministry for Maritime Affairs of Indonesia, Purbaya Yudhi Sadewa explains that some of the innovation offered by Indonesia through the second SOM AIS forums are information and experience exchange, technical helps in the form of capacity building training to overcome any marine issues that might arise, also a funding scheme for projects that is aimed to handle the impact of climate changes. The fund schematic project will likely to be called AIS Fund, which the fund will come from participating countries.

On this second SOM AIS, the delegation of the participating countries was also taken to see the mangrove and turtle conservation facility in Pramuka Island. Furthermore, the delegation was also shown the effort done by Indonesian government to prevent the impact of climate change and the waste management on archipelagic region.

Indonesian government will once again collaborate with UNDP to hold Ministerial Meeting of the Archipelagic and Island States on November 1st and 2nd. This meeting will be held in Manado, South East Sulawesi.

“We would like to open the access to collaborate with youth organization or even Indonesian start up in maritime sector, especially marine, environment and tourism sector,” said Odo Manuhutu, Deputy Assistant of Maritime Navigation and Safety.


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