Though all agree with an adoption of zero ODOL (over dimension and over loading) trucks carrying cargoes since it potentially damages roads and traffic but an appropriate deadline for it is still debatable. Inappropriate moment to kick out all ODOL fleets from cargo delivery services will potentially disturb the distribution
In the last days, the ODOL trucks has become a corridor talk the community of logistics including regulators and business players. Actually, it is not a new issue. It has been discussed for many times. But, the issue came to a top of mind since the regulators (government bodies) have different views on the deadline for a zero ODOL.
Ministry of Transportation initiated to fully adopt it by 2021, while Ministry of Industry expects a longer time, between 2023-2025, to give adequate time for business players to procure new fleets, thus not disturbing the cargo distribution. However, both agree to adopt the policy, as ODOL fleets have proved disturbing traffic and damaging roads.
Any parties, including the truckers (truck owners) themselves have stood against these trucks. In addition to disturbing the business fairness, it also potentially endangers the safety of traffic.
Toll Regulatory Board (BPPT) also voices similar views, saying some potential economic loss from the ODOL truck operation. The ODOL trucks will potentially damage the toll road fast. This will force the toll road operators to spend extra cost for road maintenance.
BPJT noted that up to third quarter last year (Q32019), total cost for maintenance reached Rp1 trillion. BPJT concluded the ODOL trucks created high contribution to the damage.
Head of BPJT Danang Parikesit claimed that around 50% of heavy equipment passing the toll roads are indicated as ODOL fleets. Of total vehicles using toll roads, around 12.4% are heavy equipment, according to Danang.
“At least, 50% are ODOL vehicles. This makes a total yearly loss of around Rp 1 trillion to toll road operator,” he said.
This is reaching around 10% of toll road income that is more than Rp 12 trillion a year. “So, this is so significant for the cash flow,” he said.
Hence, Danang expects the regulator to stand against the ODOL truck, saying support to set up zero ODOL trucks from the toll roads.
So, he appreciates very much with the Ministry of Circular Letter to make effective the zero ODOL regulation in 2021.
Ministry of Transportation has just released a circular letter No 21/2019, an instruction to do supervision over all cargo vehicles and trucks with over loading and over dimension (ODOL).
The circular letter was issued following the MoU assignment among related stakeholders including Ministry of Public Works, Ministry of Transportation, BPJT, Traffic Corps (Korlantas), and Indonesia Toll Association (ATI) to fully kick out the fleets from the roads (zero ODOL) by 2021.
Ministry of Public Works (Directorate General of Land Road/Bina Marga) expects the regulation will run in phases. “We will start it from the toll roads. Hopefully, the toll roads will be free from those fleets by the end of this year (2020),” said Bina Marga Director General Sugiyartanto.
Ministry of Transportation’s Director General for Land Transportation Budi Setiyadi echoed it, saying the ministry will tighten supervision and control and will install equipment, including installation of weigh bridges at some key points.
Anticipating Sustainable Cargo Delivery
Meanwhile, Ministry of Industry suggests to postpone the effectiveness of the zero ODOL adoption to 2023-2025. The Ministry worries that this will disturb the cargo distribution that will finally will disturb stocks of materials to the industry.
Even, the Minister of Industry Agus Gumiwang Kartasasmita sent a letter to Ministry of Transportation to delay the deadline up to 2024.
Within the letter, Agus asks for delay in view of the industry readiness. The Ministry of Industry, the letter says, actually fully supports for the Zero ODOL policy, but should be postponed until industry readiness.
Trucks, it says, are playing key role for the industry sustainability, while sea modes and railway play lower role.
The letter also notes that the policy to make zero ODOL by 2021 will potentially make national industry less competitive, while procurement of new fleets will take a longer time.
Truckers Absolutely Support
Indonesia Truckers’ Association (Aptrindo) questions why the two government’s bodies have different views and policies on the issue. Truckers, according to Aptrindo, actually has stood against the ODOL trucks from the beginning. Aptrindo claimed that ODOL trucks were not created by the truck operators, but by the industry.
“We (Aptrindo) have called for zero ODOL for a very long time,” said Aptrindo Chairman Gemilang Tarigan.
Gemilang is questioning the industries that have claimed their industries being complied with ISO on refusing this policy. “If they have complied with ISO, they must support this regulation,” he said.