Jakarta International Container Terminal (JICT) is very confident to lead the future market share of Indonesia’s oceangoing containerized cargoes, though some new comers (terminals) will join in the market to make competition. Even, JICT does not see them as competitors, but the ones playing complementary roles in encouraging the Indonesia’s international trade to grow up.
Indonesia has opened some ports to run o2ceangoing trade, but until now Tanjung Priok port Jakarta plays as the main gateway, handling more than 70% of export/import. The Tanjung Priok’s oceangoing containerized cargoes, meanwhile, are distributed to some terminals, but JICT takes most, handling more than 42% of total Priok’s international volume, while others are distributed to New Priok Container Terminal 1 (NPCT1), TPK Koja, MAL, and IPC TPK.
The cargoes will be distributed to more terminals if the New Priok’s two additional terminals of NPCT2 and NPCT3 will be in operation. Reported that IPC will soon realize the construction of NPCT2 and NPCT3. Other containerized cargoes predictably will go to other terminal of the Patimban Port, a new terminal in Subang that is now under construction.
Will JICT be able to maintain its position from these new comers (terminals)? “We are so confident to keep on the position in view of our innovation in service and operation,” said Ade Hartono, JICT President Director.
These new terminals, on one hand, will offer new choices for shipping lines and cargo owners, but on the other hand, they will take the market of existing terminals. Ade, however, does not see them as competitors. “We don’t see them as competitors, but as the ones that play complementary roles. This will encourage our export growth, we guess,” said Ade.
Even, for the sake of national economy growth, these new terminals are so strategic. “This will encourage our industry growth and economy, triggering more volume of export to grow up. In addition, these new terminals will provide more alternatives to shipping lines and cargo owners,” commends Ade.
Efficient Service, Semi Robotic Operation
What makes JICT so confident to lead the market? “The key is competitiveness,” commends Ade, explaining some key steps the JICT has taken to build up competitiveness, especially through efficient services.
“Efficient port service is one of the keys to competitiveness. Therefore, JICT continues to try to optimize services based on technology, digitization and supported by the best human resources,” said Ade.
To support service and operational efficiency, JICT has used an integrated system named nGen. This system has been adopted by all Hutchison port holding (HPH) ports around the world, including JICT that been developed this system since 2009. This system also allows remote or ROC, meaning that in case of trouble, a terminal it can be backed up from another HPH port.
JICT efforts toward efficiency is also proven by its payment transaction. The export-import payment service has been running in online-based system. “Efficiency has started when customers pay import and export fees, through the implementation of an online billing system that has been connected to online services either through the Web Billing application (WEBI) or via Android-based mobile apps. So, service users do not need to come to the port,” Ade explained.
For the online payments, JICT has collaborated with some national banks, including Bank Mandiri, BRI, BNI. The payment can be done both via ATM and internet banking.
In addition to the nGen and online payment system, JICT has also carried out many the JICT Auto Gate System (JAGS), supporting an effective handling of containers trucks entering and leaving the terminal.
The JICT gate has also adopted a truck identity document (TID). Currently, as many as 12 thousand trucks have been equipped with JICT TID cards This system is able to significantly reduce transaction time at the gate and waiting time in the parking area.
With those systems and service, JICT has actually adopted the modern and up to date system and the terminal operation. “This terminal operation is arguably half robotic,” added JICT Vice President Director Budi Cahyono.
Echoing the views, Budi Cahyono revealed the aspect of increased productivity in building competitiveness. “JICT is very concerned with productivity increase. A number of initiatives have been carried out to increase productivity,” he said.
Budi Cahyono named some steps to support the JICT productivity, including, first, increase the number of RTGC operators. Beginning June 13, JICT has increased number of operators from 38 to 40 per shift.
Second, adjust the deployment of RTGC manpower according to the workload especially for the shifts 2 and 3 (nights).
Third, in case of high YOR, the RTGCs are prioritized to serve container yards (from serving vessels at the berth side).
Fourth, socialization to associations. “The terminal has socialized the operational services to associations and straightened out information related to service performance standards at JICT,” he said.
JICT has also exceeded the target on KPI set up by Tanjung Priok Port Authority (OP). OP has set a maximum time limit of 117 minutes for delivery and 85 minutes for receiving. “However, the realization at JICT for delivery has been 109 minutes and receiving 72 minutes. This means that we can do better than the standards,” Budi Cahyono said proudly.
Of course, JICT is committed to continuing to provide efficient and quality services for all of its service users
Target 2.1m TEUs
Ade explained that by implementing effective and efficient operations, as well as being equipped with the latest systems, JICT will be able to handle 2.8 million TEUs per annum.
Ade targets that by 2021, JICT will be able to handle 2.1 million TEUs of containers. “Last year, our throughput reached 1.8 million TEUs. We are so optimistic to reach 2.1 million TEUs this year (2021),” he said.
Data says, JICT handled 807,239 TEUs (twenty-feet equivalent unit) in January-May 2021, increasing 9.70% year on year, from 734,007 TEUs in January-May 2020.
April volume contributes the highest, reaching 180,774 TEUs, then subsequently followed by March (170,671 TEUs), January (165,265 TEUs), May (148,070 TEUs), and February (142,458 TEUs).
As the leading container terminal in Tanjung Priok, the JICT increasing volume has positively impacted the positive growth of Tanjung Priok during the period. According to Indonesia Shipping Gazette data, Tanjung Priok container throughput grew by 7.18% in first quarter, in which domestic and oceangoing grew by 15.69% and 3.47%, respectively.